Anzac Day Gallipoli travel blog

 


Gallipoli

Gallipoli Tous; The Gallipoli peninsula (/ɡəˈlɪpɵli/; Turkish: Gelibolu Yarımadası; Greek: Καλλίπολη) is located in Turkish Thrace (or East Thrace), the European part of Turkey, with the Aegean Sea to the west and the Dardanelles straits to the east. Gallipoli derives its name from the Greek "Καλλίπολις" (Kallipolis), meaning "Beautiful City". In antiquity, it was known as the Thracian Chersonese (Latin: Chersonesus Thracica, Greek: Θρακική Χερσόνησος).

It is especially famous for the failed Allied offensive on Turkey in 1915 in World War I known as the Gallipoli

Gallipoli Campaign

The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign or the Battle of Gallipoli or the Battle of Çanakkale (Turkish: Çanakkale Savaşı), took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 25 April 1915 and 9 January 1916, during World War I. Aiming to secure a sea route to Russia, the British and French launched a naval campaign to force a passage through the Dardanelles. After the naval operation, an amphibious landing was undertaken on the Gallipoli peninsula, to capture the Ottoman capital of Constantinople (Istanbul). After eight months the land campaign also failed with many casualties on both sides, and the invasion force was withdrawn to Egypt.

The campaign was one of the greatest Ottoman victories during the war and is considered a major failure of the Allies. In Turkey, it is perceived as a defining moment in the nation's history—a final surge in the defence of the motherland as the Ottoman Empire crumbled. The struggle formed the basis for the Turkish War of Independence and the founding of the Republic of Turkey eight years later under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, a commander at Gallipoli. The campaign is often considered to mark the birth of national consciousness in Australia and New Zealand and the date of the landing, 25 April, is known as "Anzac Day". It remains the most significant commemoration of military casualties and veterans there, surpassing Remembrance Day (Armistice Day).

Anzac Day

Anzac Day /ˈænzæk/ is a national day of remembrance in Australia and New Zealand that broadly commemorates all Australians and New Zealanders "who served and died in all wars, conflicts, and peacekeeping operations" and "the contribution and suffering of all those who have served." Originally 25 April every year was to honour the members of the Australian and New Zealand Army gallipoli-suvla-bay-mapgallipoli-suvla-bay-map

gallipoli-suvla-bay-mapCorps (ANZAC) who fought at Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire during World War I. Anzac Day is also observed in the Cook Islands, Niue, Pitcairn Islands, and Tonga. It is no longer observed as a national holiday in Papua New Guinea or Samoa.

Anzac Day Gallipoli 2014 Dawn Service

Visiting Gallipoli

The ‘Anzac Walk’ is designed for the Australian visitor who has little time but can devote one day to explore the main area the ‘Anzacs’, held on Gallipoli from 25 April to 20 December 1915.

Featured here are 10 monuments, memorials and locations on the Gallipoli peninsula and at Çanakkale which tell the story of the Turkish struggle in 1915 to defend the Dardanelles from seizure by the forces of the British Empire and France.

Tours to Gallipoli

The ‘Gallipoli Tours ’ features 22 historical sites on the Gallipoli peninsula and the Asian shore of the Dardanelles providing an insight into the land and naval battles fought there between February 1915 and January 1916.



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