|Today we drove back into northern California to visit the Lava Beds National Monument. This area is part of the series of mountains/volcanoes that run from B.C. to Northern California. The volcanic area includes Mt. Shasta, Mt. Hood, Crater Lake, Mt. St. Helens, and Mt. Ranier. In addition to the natural marvels of this place, there is some history pertaining to the Modoc Indians of Oregon. This tribe engaged in a battle with the US Cavalry in 1873 over desires to leave the reservation and return to their homeland and resulted in the only death of a US general in all Indian Wars. A group of 50 Natives held off over 500 army troops for nearly five months before they were forced to surrender. The park has several caves open for touring. All you need is a couple of good flashlights, warm clothing, a hard hat and a strong constitution. It can get scary in those lava tubes.