After lunch at a rest stop on I-84, I continued to Pendleton where I visited the Tamastslikt Cultural Institute sponsored by the Three Plateau Tribes (Cayuse, Umatilla and Walla Walla). The center is quite large and features a cafe, gift shop and large museum with state-of-the-art exhibits and interactive displays.
Behind the center is the Living Cultural Village, which illustrates the evolution of tribal life. The Tule Reed Longhouse was in use until about 100 years ago. The lodge is 60' L x 16' W x 19' H and was the standard size for longhouses in the Columbia River Plateau area. It was constructed of tule reeds, which were cured, processed and made into mats to cover the lodge.
Canvas teepees from the early 1900's replaced mat lodges. Teepees were light and portable and could be set up or taken down by one or two women in less than an hour. Originally they were constructed of smoked hides and pole frames. Ropes and pegs were used to bind poles and anchor them to the ground.
From here I continued on to Hermiston, Oregon to spend the night at Pioneer RV Park. It is a very nice one.