We have visited two lighthouses since arriving in Newport. I posted a picture of the Yaquina Bay Lighthouse in yesterday's post. I am posting the pictures of the Yaquina Head Lighthouse today. It is the tallest lighthouse in Oregon, standing at 93 feet tall. The Yaquina Head Light was also known early in its existence as the Cape Foulweather Lighthouse. I am pasting a list of interesting facts listed from Wikipedia for more information. I hope you enjoy the photos.
It is located on a narrow point of land jutting west into the Pacific Ocean north of Newport, at Yaquina Head Outstanding Natural Area. Winds and rain have buffeted this lighthouse since its beginning in 1872. It took approximately one year, and over 370,000 bricks to construct Oregon's tallest lighthouse.
The light has been active since Head Keeper Fayette Crosby walked up the 114 steps, to light the wicks on the evening of August 20, 1873. At that time the oil burning fixed white light was displayed from sunset to sunrise. Today, the fully automated first order Fresnel lens runs on commercial power and flashes its unique pattern of 2 seconds on, 2 seconds off, 2 seconds on, 14 seconds off, 24 hours a day. The oil burning wicks have been replaced with a 1000 watt globe.
Location Newport, Oregon
Coordinates 44°40′36.4″N 124°04′45.9″W / 44.676778°N 124.079417°W / 44.676778; -124.079417
Year first lit 1873
Foundation Brick on basalt rock
Tower shape Conical
Height 93 feet (28 m), 114 steps
Original lens First order Fixed Fresnel lens. Lard Oil 1873 - 1887, Kerosene 1887 - ?, Vapor Oil ? - 1933, Electrified 1933-1939 with a solid white light (1 kW Halogen Bulb made by GE), 1939- 500 watt bulb blinking in pattern.
Range 18.5 nautical miles (34.3 km)
Characteristic Originally Solid White (non-rotating). After 1939: 2 seconds on, 2 seconds off, 2 seconds on, 14 seconds off
A two-story keepers' dwelling was built at the time the lighthouse tower and its adjoining oil house were constructed. In 1923, a one-story keepers' house was added a short distance to the east. In 1938, a one-story building replaced the original two-story dwelling. Both dwellings and all outbuildings (a shed, a garage, etc.) were then demolished in 1984. The space is now a grassy area.
Yaquina Head typically had three lighthouse keepers under the U.S. Lighthouse Service; a Head Keeper, and First and Second Assistant. The Head Keeper as well as the First Assistant usually stayed in the two-story keepers' dwelling with their families and the Second Assistant was usually a bachelor. In 1939 the U.S. Coast Guard took over the management. During WWII 17 Servicemen were stationed at Yaquina Head keeping a lookout for enemy ships.
The lighthouse still uses its original 1868 French-made Fixed Fresnel lens; visible 19 miles (31 km) out to sea. In 1993, the lighthouse was listed in the National Register of Historic Places (reference number #73002340).