2010 Race 2 Finish travel blog

our campground is decorated with this sleeping pig

the nearby town of Hudson

we stopped to take a hike and it took us through this...

 

Happy Days Lodge - built by the CCC and named for FDR's...

 

our hike took us past this old cemetery

a very inviting path into the ravine

hardwood forest

and a creek at the bottom

 

where there are flowers there are bees

 

statue of a CCC worker

the lodge is built of 'wormy chesnut' and the CCC boys would...

folks in the cemetery died in the late 1800's

allowing plenty of time for this tree to grow up and envelope...

if you're buried in the forest you push up mushrooms not daisies

mostly Irish and Scottish names

tracks of the Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad

Peninsula Station and an old volunteer is talking to a young girl

when she left I took her place

he was such a fine old man and he told me all...

he was just telling me about the great blue heron that flies...

when here came the heron

sure enough - he landed in the river

the river is muddy from all the rains

there is the foundation of an old mill - the river is...

the mill foundation

looking south toward Akron

looking north toward Cleveland - guess they know right where the engineer...

and here she comes

people with bikes have to go to the end of the train...

it's a pretty long train

looks like he missed that step

the Park Service crew comes out to watch the train arrive

the heron takes off on schedule

and the passengers board

it's a nice little station

and we found a place to park right in front of it

the train's not real crowded

the headsets and radios hang over the seats and they are free

this beaver marsh was once a dump for old cars and trucks

Madolyn with one of the headsets

halfway to Akron it started to rain

 

coming into Akron

the river is high and muddy

crossing a section of the old canal and it's running full from...

there are big viaducts across the valley in many places

the train stopped under this one

passenger cars from the Ohio Central

there was another 15 minute stop at the north end of the...

 

outside the rain is letting up

 

 

this quarry mines an aggregate of concrete

 

approaching the heron rookery

these dead trees are standing in a marsh

the herons build their nests high in the dead trees

a family of bald eagles has taken over and expanded the biggest...

here two of the famiy are on the nest and a third...

in this picture you can see all three

back at Peninsula Station - the air conditioned car was so cold...

I wiped it off and took another picture

but it fogged up again immediately

but it cleared up in time to get this picture of two...

across the tracks is a well preserved lock

while we waited for the train to move we exchanged picture taking...

then we made our way over to the lock

southbound boats entered the lock at this end and at this level

this sign talks about the sandstone masonry and the mason marks

 

we looked for them but the stones are pretty weathered

standing in the lock and looking back at the north entry

when the lock filled the boats exited over that wall at the...

 

the stone canal bridge across the river was right next to the...

across the river you can see the foundation of the other end...

this old photo shows the entry canal, the lock and the bridge...

 

 

picture of the mill that once stood here

a final look back at the site of the mill and the...


What does it take to get our attention?

Saturday

Today we visited Cuyahoga Valley National Park, a recent addition to America’s national park system. The park was first created in 1974 as the Cuyahoga National Recreation Area, at a time when the National Park Service was establishing urban recreation areas as a way to bring national parks to people living in the cities. 26 years later the recreation area was finally promoted to national park status in the year 2000.

Named for the Cuyahoga River that runs through it, the Cuyahoga Valley has a rich if sometimes infamous history. The name comes from an aboriginal word meaning ‘crooked’, and true to it’s name the river meanders all over the valley on it’s short trip from it’s source in the hills near Akron to it’s mouth on Cleveland’s Lake Erie waterfront. As rivers go the Cuyahoga is neither long nor very navigable, but it’s importance to history, both Ohio’s and the nations, can not be overstated.

It is estimated that people have lived in the valley for at least 12,000 years. Early tribes used the river as an important transportation route, declaring it neutral territory so that all tribes might use it safely to travel from the Great Lakes to portages that would take them to the Ohio and warmer waters in the south.

Europeans showed up in the 1600’s and in 1786 Connecticut (which had no western boundary because no one knew yet how far the land extended) set aside 3.5 million acres in what is now northeastern Ohio. A Western Reserve for settlement by it’s citizens. Ten years later Moses Cleaveland arrived as agent for the Connecticut Land Company, and he helped lay out the city that now misspells his name.

The Ohio and Erie Canal opened in 1827. Built to provide dependable water transportation between Cleveland and Akron, the canal paralleled and was watered by the Cuyahoga River. It replaced the undependable and un-navigable river as the primary transportation artery, and it became part of a network of canals that opened the Midwestern inland to the markets and ports in the east and in the south. Merchants could ship produce or goods through the Erie Canal to the Atlantic coast, and they could now ship their wares south to the Ohio River and from there to the Mississippi and New Orleans.

Many canal systems made use of rivers, lakes and natural bodies of water when possible, and dug channels and installed locks only to connect them. The Ohio and Erie Canal used the Cuyahoga River only to provide water and did not otherwise connect or interact with it at all. The canal required a constant four feet of depth, and the river depth was neither constant nor dependable. In places where it was necessary to cross the river, locks were built on either side and the canal was bridged over the river without ever coming in contact with it.

Akron, Ohio sits atop the north/south continental divide, and Akron was an important point on the Ohio Erie Canal. It provided a link between the Cleveland/Akron section to the north and the next section that went on to New Philadelphia on the south. Due to it’s altitude there were a number of locks required to get past Akron, and while a normal trip through a lock took only 20 minutes, traffic would often back up and generate lengthy waits. Passengers and crews would get off their boats and flock to the stores, bars and restaurants - so more stores bars and restaurants opened up to take advantage of the business. That is how Akron got it’s start.

Railroads eventually put the canals out of business, and indeed canal boats carried in the rails and ties that were the seeds of their own demise. Canal travel had shortened transportation time from a week to a day or two. Railroads shortened it to a matter of hours. Today the Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad connects Cleveland to Canton, and the railroad runs sightseeing excursions up and down the valley.

Today we took the train, getting on at Peninsula Station and traveling south to Akron, then north to Rockside Station and back again to Peninsula. The train provides audio sets that tell the history of the valley, and along the way we passed beaver marshes, heron and eagle rookeries and even a small ski resort. The rail bed parallels the old canal route, and you can frequently get glimpses of surviving portions of the canal and even some of the locks. The old towpath has been turned into a 28 mile biking and hiking trail and the train will take on bikes in their baggage car. Cost for the day is $15.00 per person, making it one of the most reasonable activities we’ve found.

But our history lesson for the day wasn’t over. We had yet to learn about the river’s famous fire. As early as 1863 the Cuyahoga River had become so polluted it was described as ‘muddy and murky’. It soon carried so much oil, debris and other pollution that by 1954 there had been 9 major fires already, one causing nearly 1.5 million dollars in damage.

On June 22, 1969 the Cuyahoga River caught fire again. As river fires went this was not a big one. It burned for only 24 minutes and was over so quickly the Cleveland Plain Dealer wasn’t even able to get a photograph. To quote a National Park Service paper, “Fame came later when Time Magazine ran an article about the incident in it’s August 1 issue, widely read because of the cover story on the Chappaquiddick scandal. The article described the Cuyahoga as the river that ‘oozes rather than flows’ and in which a person ‘does not drown but decays’. This, coupled with an oil spill in California that year became rallying cries for America to protect it’s waterways.

“The event helped spur an avalanche of pollution control activities resulting in the Water Quality Improvement Act of 1970, the Clean Water Act of 1972, the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, and creation of state and federal Environmental Protection Agencies. The fire helped inspire the first Earth Day. The historical significance of the Cuyahoga River was recognized in 1998 when it was designated an American Heritage River.”

For the first eight years of this century fools in Congress and the administration made great efforts to weaken these protections at every opportunity. And why not? Their supporters will be quick to point out that we haven’t had a fire on the Potomac yet.



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