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Wiki Info Nishapur

Wiki Info Toos/Tus

5-30 From Mashhad we take a day trip to Neishabour and Tous after a short stop at the bus station for tickets to Shahroud at 7 am tomorrow. In Neyshabooor we visited the tombs of Omar Khayyam,

Wiki Info Omar Khayyam

philosopher, poet, teacher, mathematician, and astronomer 1067-1123 AD. Very influential for me especially due to the wide spread rediscovery of his works by the 'hippies ' of the 60's. In the same area we visited the tomb of Faridodin Mohammad ebn e Ebrahim or Attar, mystic, writer, philosopher, and interpreter.

Info About Attar/Khorasan in Neishabour

He was martyred in 1221AD at the hands of invading Mongols. To Persians his most famous work of prose was 'The Council of the Birds'. Another famous memorial here which we saw was to one of their greatest painters/artists, Mohammed Ghaffari - Kamal of Molk 1845-1940. There was another of the more than 60,000 shrines spread throughout the country which Mehdi disparengingly refers to as 'muhlah shops' for obvious reasons. Saw some of the turquoises for which this area is famous, and a restored caravansarai where we saw a craft shop still making the unique Persian shoe, give. Ate lunch at Aayani Restaurant - mainly kabobs though Bon has been pleasantly surprised to find good salads everywhere we've eaten including here. Head back to Mashhad and to Tous. Tous is one of the most ancient lands of human habitation and the center of many civilizations. Archaeologists have found stone tools which show that humans lived in the area over 800,000 years ago. In the plain of Tous evidence has shown that cities existed here up to 7,000 years ago. We visited the Harounieh construction which is believed by some to be the tomb of Haroon al R ashid, king of Abbasi and Imam Reza. The huge, impressive all brick building is all that substantially remains of the ancient city of Tabiran Toos (8th century) . We also visited the tomb of Hakim Abulghasm Ferdowsi, renown Persian author who wrote "Shahnama", a work which consumed 30 years of his life. It is the written story of events from mythical-oral-historical Iranian/Persian past containing the ideals of the nation. These epic tales are often referred to in much the same way as Homer's Iliad. He lived from 940 to 1025 AD.

Info About Ferdowsi

Ending the day back in Mashhad we visited the memorial tomb of Nader Afsharid who ruled for only 12 years but was responsible for Persia's dominance over the greatest expansion of it's territorial boundaries, including parts of India, as far west as the Black Sea, S. into the Arabian peninsula, and N. to the Aral Sea. Our final brief stop was to the outside of Mashhad's huge pilgrimage site, the memorial mosque/tomb/shrine of what the present muhlahs and imams claim is the burial place of Imam Reza. Some 20 million visitors come here every year rivaling the visitation of Moslems to Mecca. Tomorrow we head out on an early 7:30am bus to Shahroud, a 7 hour ride!

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